Green Building for a Better Future


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Every creature on earth worth its salt has carved a niche for itself in some portion of the earth by way of shelter to see them through the inclemency of extreme weather conditions. Such being the case, can man, the most intelligent creation of them all, be left behind?

Archaeological surveys across the globe have revealed that ever since the evolution of man, he has felt and acknowledged the need to be sheltered from extreme conditions exuded by natural elements. Natural caves chosen as residence by the Paleolithic man had all the makings of a rudimentary home. Gradually, he gleaned know-how from the natural life around him and learned to build secure liveable homes deriving his sources from nature.

We have come a long way since then. Today we have the know-how to build state of the art buildings with every possible facility under the sun. Yet there is much to be desired in terms of planning and having equal accessibility to these conveniences. Startling realities of life like congestion and pollution are wreaking havoc especially in Indian cities.

Alarming urbanisation on the one hand and the need for cost effective housing on the other is pressurising architects and builders alike to construct homes for just about everyone who chooses to live in the cities. Every prospective house owner dreams of having a sleek, functional aesthetic contemporary home that is reinforced with strength sourced from premium housing material at an affordable price.

The expectations of the public appear to be reasonable and the builders are only too eager to fulfil them but in the process. Hence, homes are built all over the place without really ploughing through the pros and cons of the issue. The housing sector is riddled with chaotic posers from environmental, economic and ethical issues. There are a plethora of other related aspects that need to be sorted out.

It is high time man realised that global warming across the world is not a coffee table topic of the “eco-friendly lot” anymore; it is a serious issue that needs to be reckoned with. Conservation of natural resources and abstinence from using non-biodegradable materials should become the sovereign duty of each and everyone who walks the planet earth.

This does not mean that man does not have the right to enjoy his life, build his home or do it up the way it pleases his aesthetic sense. Yet if man remembers the words from the “Good Book” he will understand that “Charity begins at home.”

Dignity of labour
Home builders, owners and users should realise that the strength of eco-friendly architecture can go a long way in replenishing or at least sustaining the natural resources to a large extent. For starters, we can circumvent the use of extensive machines in the building industry and rely upon skills of people, thereby attempting to revive dignity of labour besides empowering labourers economically.

Eco-friendly ideas span across several possibilities like building materials, construc-tion technology, attitudes towards workers, alternative lifestyle, passive solar cooling, embedded energy, localising the act and such others. No construction can have all these possibilities explored in one, but may adopt as many ideas as possible towards a greener future.

Using natural building material tempered with technology can prove not only to be cost effective but can revive several traditional time-tested building techniques by master artisans across India.

If this measure is taken seriously by architects, builders, interior decorators and prospective house owners alike, we will not only be supporting the livelihood of several masons and artisans but will indirectly promote and rejuvenate a dying art which is eco-friendly and the need of today.

These days, space is a constraint in growing cities hence most people have to compromise on translating the home of their dreams on terra firma and look forward to realising them in one of the floors of a high rise building. Strong and light materials will prove to be invaluable companions in providing more floor space and letting in light and air in good measure.

When we take practical realties into consideration, it is obvious that one cannot turn the wheel of time back and undo all the damage that has already be­en wreaked on earth yet, if the decisions we make while constructing or renovating homes can be examined philanthropically, it automatically becomes our duty to switch over to eco-friendly building material.

Testing time For Trees


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How does one kill a tree? Axe it down silly! I can almost hear you screaming out loudly. But then, we also know that the old fogey will shed tears for a while, mope around a bit and spring right back with tender green sprouts at the earliest opportunity.

So, if someone wants to get rid of the tree forever, they must ensure that the roots are pulled out entirely and they are denied access to moisture because they can battle back to survival with the least of resources.

Man learned to do this job meticulously because he did not want impediments in the form of trees on his road to progress. Never mind, if he destroyed the green cover, he could always cross bridges as and when he came across them. Well, what has been outlined is a well known old story.

These days, the green activists, the government, its opposition party and the common man are in agreement about the importance of growing and nurturing trees for our own sakes. This wisdom has dawned across mankind around the world after mother nature has given us a sample of how climate change and depleting natural resources can actually spell disaster to us in the long-run.

So, If we are under the impression that we have turned into Samaritans who will squirm at the very thought of bringing down sturdy trees, we must stand corrected. We have simply changed our excuses to do the dreadful deed.

These days we bring down the old fellows who are threatening to fall down during the next rains. This measure has the sanctified permission of the powers that be and is carried out in full public view in broad daylight.

Inhuman way
However, this piece aims at throwing light on several other inhuman ways which are being employed to do away with the green shade. How many times have we not noticed a lot of garbage, mostly the inflammable variety being dumped around a tree?

They are regularly burnt down till the tree gets browner by the day; even as its life supporting roots are singed to death. When the tree starts resembling deadwood, they become officially ready to be brought down with official sanction. It is strange but true, that this modus operandi has been almost uniformly adopted by urban India.

Materialistic instincts

It is also a fact that these trees are invariably the ones that are found on the pavements or properties that have been earmarked to serve a greater commercial purpose driven by the materialistic instincts of the perpetrator/s.

All the same, these days, the eco-friendly lot occasionally smells a rat and bung a spanner in the destructive project. Nevertheless, there are people who are ready to go to any length to eliminate the obstacles that come in their way of their growth.

More recently a bunch of diehard tree lovers were shocked out of their wits to see a whole copse die and fall down. When the area was marked to be developed as a commercial complex, the builders wanted to get a better look at the ground and ordered the trees to be cleared.

The tree enthusiasts managed to convince the owner to retain the trees and even came up with a less lucrative plan B which would prove to be a green service to the society at large.

The matter did seem to conclude amicably and seemed to be that way for almost a year, till the day when all the trees came crashing down within a matter of a few days. A little investigation by the heartbroken group revealed that small dozes cups of poison had been dropped around the roots of the trees, one foot below the ground level. When they shared this bit of tragic news, it became apparent that this dirty secret happened to be the cause of death of many such random trees that came down across time and space.

Once the initial distaste for the morbid thought process ceases, one must realise that people will always be on either side of the fence when it comes to their equations with nature’s verdant bounty.

Therefore, it becomes the solemn duty of the champions of the cause of trees to watch out and foil the clever, furtive and sly attempts of their detractors. If we choose to be passive onlookers of the massive annihilation of our green cover, we may not even have enough time for retribution.

Health Leaves- Curry Leaves


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Curry leaves are an integral part of Indian food. However, children and adults alike tend to pick them out of their meals and put them aside without second thought. Here are a few of the iron-rich ingredient’s benefits that will make you consider developing a liking for curry leaves:

Research has shown that regular intake of curry leaves not only promotes hair growth, but also keeps your locks shiny, black and healthy.

Munching on eight to 10 curry leaves every morning can help you keep obesity an high blood sugar at bay.

Curry leaves, thanks to their high iron content, are excellent for the health of mothers before and after childbirth.

Grind up the curry leaves and add them in curries to make sure your children get the full benefits of the leaves.

Spicy gravies made of curry leaves, when eaten hot with rice and ghee, can stoke one’s appetite and regulate metabolism for the next couple of days.

When eaten for dinner, it which relieves one of body aches and congestion of the lungs. Patients recuperating from simple flu, fever and other minor illnesses will find this dish to be soothing.

 Munching a a dozen fresh curry leaves everyday in the morning can help you reduce high blood sugar levels even some of your unwanted weight.

Those of you who have green fingers will vouch for the fact that, growing a curry leaf shrub can be a very demanding task, especially in the sapling stages. Besides turning the soil gently and watering it in a limited way, traditionalists have found that diluted sour buttermilk poured at the roots of the plant can improve its colour and flavour.

Legend has it that king Thondaman lined up a whole range of gifts for his daughter Padmavathi on the occasion of her wedding with lord Srinivasa. The gifts consisted of just about everything that she could need– expensive clothes, jewellery, furniture, flowers, fruits, nuts and vegetables among other things. However, Bakulamalika, the groom’s mother, gently pointed out that they had missed out on gifting their daughter something important -curry leaves!

Uniting to Fight the Mosquito Menace


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When Namma Bengaluru metamorphosed from being the much touted Pensioner’s Paradise into a tech savvy Silicon Valley, we started paying the price. The city expanded till it burst at its seams and then grew taller by the day till it became an unwieldy giant. The leafy avenues made way for wider roads and flyovers shaving away the green cover smoothly.

Electricity and water supply have been stretched to unimaginable limits to cater albeit insufficiently to the ever growing population. The sewage and the garbage disposal system which was built once upon a time, do not know how to handle our extraneous contemporary needs. The city has just about started rectifying the infrastructure.

Simultaneously, it has also started identifying and battling new age problems like public transport, traffic jams and all kinds of pollution. More recently, the mosquito menace has descended on us.

A little analysis of the dire straits that we have landed ourselves into will sadly reveal that we have no one else to blame for the same but ourselves. The biological food chain has been cut unceremoniously by us.

The mosquitoes which happen to be the meals of many varieties of amphibians and reptiles have lost their habitat and have come down in numbers. We cannot expect Mother Nature to take care of the imbalance immediately after flouting every rule in her book. Consequently, we now live in the terror of this miniature demon in disguise.

The population of the little blood sucker has boomed beyond imagination. Gone or the days when the occasional troublemaker could be reduced into a squishy insignificant pulp with a little alertness on our part. The tiny mosquito has grown big, quite literally. The ill effects of its bite has enhanced proportionately.

These days the mosquito bite can render us quite ill, helpless and sometimes do away with our lives by manifesting as multiple ailments like malaria, dengue and chikungunya among others. Each one of us has developed our very own methodology for overcoming this nuisance.

Mosquito coils, nets, repellants and creams, electric and electronic devices have fallen short of our expectations to annihilate the tribe off the face of earth. They don’t seem to be protecting us as well as we expect them to do.

Even if we do succeed in keeping mosquito-free premises, we cannot rest on our laurels. For, the moment we open the door or window, the little beasts will fly in gleefully and make life miserable for us.

Survival threatened
It is a fact that mosquitoes cannot be simply wished away. They are here for real. Unless we collectively do something about getting rid of them, we cannot avoid being bombarded by mosquito related news which sometimes hit the headlines. It is very obvious that no single individual can take up such a responsibility all on his own. Residents of a street could get together and take turns to do the duties assigned to them.

We must plant a few saplings of neem on the roadside wherever possible and make sure to take care of them. We could grow short hedges along the open drains.

Mint, tulsi, lemon grass, marigold, all spice and other such fragrant plants can dissuade mosquitoes. Besides, these plants will absorb the excessive moisture there-by draining or at least lessening the drain water to a large extent.

Whenever we see sewage water flowing into the storm water drains, we must make sure that we report to the authorities. Let us not wait for the local city corporation’s turn to spray mosquito repellant into the drains, we could spray the same on their behalf on a daily basis by taking turns till all the larvae disappear. We must not allow water to stagnate around our tenements.

If we have space in our compounds, we could make our own compost pit and dispose all bio-degradable waste into them and ensure that we add a layer of soil once in every three or four days.

Though the fumes emitted from burning of garbage and dried leaves can get rid of the pesky mosquitoes, avoid burning for it will pollute the air and will also ruin your chances of making rich compost.

All of us know that united we stand and divided we fall. We have come to a point where our health and perhaps our very survival is being threatened by these winged creatures. We must decide whether we want to annihilate or help the tribe of mosquitoes to thrive and act accordingly.

Top Spot For Green Spots



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Radha Prathi Sep 15, 2015,

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It is a known fact that therural population across the world is on a fast track conversion mode, filling in urban spaces. It is no wonder then that we are being faced with some pertinent questions.

If every country cousin of oursseeks the pleasures of city life, then who will grow our food for us? If at all a few do decide to cater to our needs, how will they price it? When the demand becomes overwhelming, will food come under the hammer? Would it not be safe for the highest bidder to apply for special protection, lest he gets lynched for his precious possession?

These and more futuristic questions relating to the state of our health if we use food grown with the help of chemical fertilisers or food which is not grown indigenously have been foreseen by some green minds around the globe. They have realised that what has been done cannot be undone.

For instance, it would be a criminal waste of human effort and money if we raze down buildings to recreate arable lands.

We cannot ground people to their villages and farms if they have other ambitions. But then, everybody needs to eat. If we have to fulfill our needs,  we must come up with ingenious solutions to stem the issues which are weaving their way to consume us.

The people who applied their minds on the issue have understood that only growing food on the good earth cannot provide for all. With the villages emptying out day after day and land resource getting scarce in the city, they came up with a master plan. They simply decided to take the soil to the terrace and grow food there.

Once the idea slipped into place, enterprising people have started working on the idea methodically. These smart brains realised that if each person, family or community started growing their own food, then they could overcome many problems at the same time.

The process is easier said than done. In the past, India has had a few terrace gardens sporadically, mostly because of the gardener’s passion or because of its novelty. It is only in the last decade that we have taken up the business of kitchen gardens and terrace gardens seriously.

Governments, NGOs and individuals have come up with several programmes which create awareness about the trending concept. Once they find an interested group of people, they are updated on the subject. The questions of the curious are answered. Sometimes the wannabe gardeners are taken on a field trip to the terrace garden of the people who already have one in place.

Work experience
The newbies are also provided hands-on work experience by allowing them to work on a garden which is being created newly.

A kit consisting of seeds, saplings, containers, soil, garden implements, waste management material among other things are put together, making it easy for the enthusiastic taker to buy them without running around.

An experienced hand helps the novice set up his or her garden. That is not all. There are experts who guide the first time gardeners by answering their questions and offering timely tips. In other words, the people who have been there and done that are most willing to hold the hands of the debutante and guide them through the green path. Once the first crop is harvested successfully, most gardeners are hooked to it for life.

At the practical level we could have chemical free fresh produce, besides enjoying pollution free and healthier life. At another level, people will renew their interest in life when they reconnect with nature. For starters, they will find their bodies toning up because of all the physical exertion.

Gradually, people will find themselves becoming caring and observant towards their plants. Over a period of time, they will learn to appreciate the finer aspects of life like emotions, sentiments, beauty, patience and the enormity of nature’s process.

The newly learned lessons will evoke their sense of equanimity. Sharing their bumper crop or bartering them with fellow gardeners can actually improve their social relationships and boost their feel good factor.

After all, happy and contented people pave way to a harmonious society. With such sterling support from all quarters and so many fringe benefits, we really have no legitimate excuse for not experimenting with our green thumbs and contributing to our green needs!

Small Space Lush Garden


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Radha Prathi, August 25, 2015, DHNS

Urban farming

many examples (Clockwise) Anusuya Sharma in her two-decade-old terrace garden in Bengaluru; a vertical  garden model developed by Vinay Magadi; container gardening in S Lakshminarayana's home; chillies.  PHOTOS BY S LAKSHMINARAYANA, Vinay Magadi & ANITHA PAILOOR

When Mhon Chumi Humtsoe shifted to Bengaluru 15 years ago, she dearly missed the greenery  back home in Nagaland. She hoped to create some space for herself and toiled to put up a terrace garden on her rented premises.

The owners of the house were apprehensive about her enterprise initially, but got their doubts cleared as she shared information about the new form of kitchen gardening. Since then, there has been no looking back; she has grown greens, beans, chillies, brinjals besides exotic varieties of orchids and geraniums season after season. The new mode of kitchen gardening is gaining momentum in Bengaluru and other cities, thanks to an increased awareness about safe food and the necessity of developing a healthy lifestyle.

New concept

“Grow what you eat and eat what you grow,” says B N Vishwanath, president of Garden City Farmers, a forum of terrace gardening enthusiasts in Bengaluru. He initiated efforts to spread the green word 10 years ago and inspired many people to tread the new path. To create better awareness and ensure the availability of necessary gardening tools and plants, the forum has been organising a quarterly event, ‘Oota from your Thota’, which has caught the imagination of many urbanites, specifically beginners. It has also played a crucial role in connecting like-minded people, providing them a platform to exchange experiences and inputs, taking the efforts to the next level. This event is being held across the City and is being popularised using social media.

Terrace gardening has enthused people from different walks of like. Take S Lakshminarayana, a City-based engineer, for instance. The recession in 2008 ushered in a green change in his life. It was then he came in contact with this initiative and gradually became a key member of the forum. What started as a stop-gap arrangement has hooked him for life. He is working towards taking the effort to a sustainable stage and is hoping to involve children in the process.

Vinay Magadi, a businessman, has come up with a simple solution to tackle the space problem. He has opted for vertical gardening and has used specially designed PVC pipes, from where plants branch out. Vinay states that he is in no hurry to be self-sufficient. He understands that gardening is a process which requires patience and perseverance and he cannot hope to have instantaneous results. Architect Vivek Halbe, who owns a thriving terrace garden, also supports those who are planning to have one. He owns a terrace garden supply store and offers consultation and maintenance services. Anusuya Sharma, one of the pioneering urban farmers, owns a two-decade-old terrace garden in Sanjay Nagar, Bengaluru. Many of these gardeners ensure that  kitchen and garden waste is recycled and optimally used through manuring.

Mass movement

If one is under the impression that only civil society organisations and enterprising individuals are working towards the green goal, then one must stand corrected. The State Horticulture Department is also successfully promoting kitchen gardening in urban areas. Kavitha A S, senior assistant director at the Horticulture Department, Dharwad (ZP), has been actively initiating the urban population in her jurisdiction towards having a green space of their own. She explains that the government conducts demonstration on the subject in public places like parks, hostels and open grounds. Sometimes, they also arrange guest lectures by local people who have been successful in this venture. A complimentary exhibition at the venue often encourages the public to pick up the nominally-priced seed kits to commence their terrace garden. The Department not only gives a step-by-step guidance to freshers but also reimburses 50 per cent of the amount invested, in the hope of spawning a new batch of vegetable gardeners.

The project has also roped in public buildings to expand the reach of the initiative. Major Siddhalingaiah Hiremath, a district officer in Dharwad, has been able to create a rooftop green space at the Post Metric Girls Hostel, located in the Karnataka College campus in Dharwad in a few months. The inmates of the hostel, who work in the garden by taking turns, are happy as they see the fruits of their dedicated work emerging in the garden. Jayashree Hendegar, the warden of the hostel, who has taken the responsibility of watering the garden during vacations, proudly says that they got around 15 kg of brinjal and four kg of beans in their first harvest. They might not be able to fulfill their vegetable requirements for the hostel accommodates 200 residents, but the new activity has helped students understand the basics of nature.

More than one reason

According to the Department statistics, over 50,000 households have benefitted from the project in the last two years. This year it aims to reach about 20,000 households spread over 30 districts of the State. Despite all these efforts, less than 10 per cent of our terraces have gardens on them. Though many do understand the need for having a useful green space over their roofs, most of them are hesitant to go ahead for reasons like inhibitions about the quality and the strength of their buildings. People living in gated communities and apartments cannot always have the co-operation of their fellow residents. Then there are many more out there with corrugated tin or plastic sheets over their heads, while some of them do not have even that. Heavy subsidies on garden supplies do not seem to attract people in the middle and lower income groups because there are other priorities to deal with. Today, more than ever before, there is a need to look beyond the general misgivings and seek plausible solutions.

Gardening has come a long way from the days when people grew fruit trees, shrubs, flowers, ornamental plants besides vegetables. There was a time when the products of HOPCOMS used to be on the sidelines of the annual flower show. Over the years, preferences changed to flowers and ornamental plants. Though people enjoyed the beauty of the colourful blooms, when it came to the take-home factor, they searched for fruits, vegetables and honey. The scene has changed again, albeit in a slow pace.

The plant nurseries that dot the City see an increased demand for seeds and saplings of vegetables as compared to that of rose and hibiscus, which were very popular a decade ago. The government, civil society organisations and innovative individuals have taken up green cudgels to fight nutrition problem, ill health, inflation, and pollution. Terrace gardens and kitchen gardens that punctuate the cities of the State are but the results of their sincere efforts. What started as a trend has become a way of life today. If you are interested to try your hand at home-grown food, there could be no better occasion to take the green pledge and plant a seedling, than the Kitchen Garden Day that falls on August 30.  Happy gardening!

Tending crops on rooftop

Get your terrace evaluated for garden feasibility and step up its viability, if necessary.
Buy a nominally-priced kit and work on it. Take help from practitioners, whenever there is a need.
Start with one or two pots and easy-to-grow vegetables and gradually increase the number and variety.
Prepare a proper schedule for garden work and follow it.
Spend time in the garden on a regular
basis — watering and observing the plants.
Gardening helps you practice three ‘R’s —
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.
Biodegradable waste can be converted into fertile manure by following simple steps.

Picking Plants Personality Wise


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Radha Prathi, June 5, 2015:

The status of your verdant area can very well reflect your personality. image courtesy: fabfurnish.com

The kind of green space one maintains speaks volumes about their personality. On this World Environment Day, Radha Prathi enumerates some interesting plant grower facts to help identify which category you belong to

Once upon a time, people would say, show me your friend and I will tell who you are. These days, one can find experts zeroing in on personality types based on the choice of colours, clothes, fruits, vegetables, animals, birds et al. The assessment of your personality on these grounds cannot be entirely discounted because knowledge of human behaviour and relevant logic form the cornerstones of such evaluation.

If you are game, you can identify your personality type based on the kind of flora that you raise in your home. You may or may not have a green thumb or have a first-hand experience of working in your garden; nevertheless, the status of your verdant area will certainly reflect the kind of person you are. You need not worry if you do not happen to have a garden; even a single plant or the lack of one can speak volumes about your personality.

Level-headed ones

If your garden has a mix of trees, shrubs, creepers, plants and a lawn, which may or may not be useful to you domestically or economically, you are definitely the kind of person who gets along with most people. You accept people for what they are; you are not judgmental and seldom rub people the wrong way. Your accommodative nature wins you many friends along the line of life who will not hesitate to help you, if and when necessary.

Pragmatic folks

If your garden houses greenery that bears fruits and flowers of your choice, it bears testimony to the fact that you are a very practical person with a keen economic sense. You are the sort who will not hesitate to generously invest your time, effort and money on people who you think are valuable.

You will go to any extent to protect the interests and well being of your relatives and friends. You are thrifty by nature. Sometimes people believe that you are self-centred, but you know that it is not entirely true. You have it ingrained in you to stand up for what is right when the occasion arises.

Hard-working herd

If you happen to tend a flower garden, it is not difficult to see that you appreciate beauty. Your aesthetic juices seem to secrete voluminously triggering you to work harder to achieve your aim. You are calm and quiet by nature and you believe that your work will speak for itself. You are very hard-working. You have intimate knowledge of the subject that interests you the most.

You are not the sort who fishes for compliments because you know that they will be heaped on you when the season is right. You seldom rest on your laurels and believe in moving ahead in life.

The leaders

If you happen to grow a garden with ornamental and rare species of plants, you can call yourself a connoisseur of sorts in the green arena. It indicates that the travel bug has bitten you. You are probably the recipient of exotic gifts by the sheer power of your compelling personality.

Your general knowledge of botany and horticulture quotient happens to be at the higher end of the scale. Moreover, your opinions, ideas and advice are generally sought after by those who hope to follow you.

Compassionate crowd

If a herbal garden happens to be your core area of interest, then you can be rest assured that you have deep and abiding faith in the healing powers of Mother Nature. You are likely to be a sharing and caring person. You are well-read on the subject or at least in the know of teasing out the well-kept secrets of these magical plants.

You enjoy conversations with like-minded people. You do not hesitate to share your knowledge or acquire lessknown facts on the subject. In other words, you have a medical doctor’s mind dormant in your personality.

Meticulous managers

If your garden has been designed by a qualified horticulturist and maintained by a professional gardener, it speaks of your meticulous nature. If you happen to have a Bonsai garden or carefully designed landscapes, you can be bracketed into the same category. You are the sort who acknowledges that you may not know everything, but that will certainly not stop you from delegating work to carefully identified experts in the field.

You do not mind going that extra mile to achieve your end, albeit with hired help. You have the ability to develop interest in subjects hitherto unknown to you.

You yearn to learn and benefit from every interaction you have with the people around you in the hope of becoming victorious in all your endeavours.

Determined doers

If terrace gardening or vertical gardening is your forte, or if your garden boasts of a collection of potted plants, be sure that you are the enterprising sort. Just like how lack of space at home has not deterred you from not having a garden, nothing can prove to be an obstacle in the journey to your destination.

You interact with all sorts of people without worrying about the social ladder. You are enthusiastic, hardworking and an optimist to the core. You know how to cut costs and optimise on your resources. Your contented attitude is often mistaken for complacence, yet there are times when you emerge as the dark horse in the race of life.

Open-minded owners

If you are the proud owner of a collection of plants belonging to a certain family like cactus or succulents or roses or beans or for that matter different types of plants, which belong to the same variety, it shows that you are a person who believes in the power of specialisation.

Though your interaction is agreeable with most people around you, you tend to interact better with people whose thinking matches with yours. You are always open to learning and experimenting with new ideas, which can give you a deeper insight into your pet subject. You do not mind ploughing in effort to better your abilities and you hope to achieve a spectacular success on the strength of your sincere struggle.

Pally people

If you have a mini green patch, which is a hotchpotch of plants grown in recycled containers placed in odd places that have enough sunshine to nourish your vegetation, be rest assured that your heart is in the right place. You are the perfect idealist who has been born with the principles. You are very amiable and innovative by nature.

This trait will ensure that you will always have a circle of well- wishers. Disagreeable circumstances or economic repression cannot subdue your spirits. Your positive attitude towards life will take you places one fine day.

So this World Environment Day, even if you don’t fancy going green, there’s every reason to pick a plant that suits your personality type. And have some fun!