S Radha Prathi Nov 25, 2015,
India was undergoing a phase of spiritual darkness and turmoil during the 15th century AD. There was insurgence of new religions into the mainstream of the country. The local masses were ignorant due to the lack of education and the looming presence of the caste system. People struggled with their thoughts and feelings and battled with the inequality that dampened their spirits.
This phase caused a lot of concern to a section of people who sported rational thinking. They recognised the root of the problem. They realised that the common man was not in a position to comprehend the various tenets of Hinduism as they were not conversant with Sanskrit. Knowledgeable but gre-edy men exploited the situation to their gain and filled their coffers while lesser mortals wallo-wed in ignorance and poverty.
It was during this crucial time that a galaxy of men such as Purandaradasa, Kanakadasa, Vijayadasa, Sripadaraja, Vyasaraja, Vadiraja, Gopaladasa and Jagannathadasa led the masses of Karnataka and neighbouring states to realise a number of home truths at the social, domestic and spiritual levels.
The god men did not merely encourage the masses to understand the infinite compassion of God but also made them recognise values like integrity, compassion, fraternity and equality. They also helped the common man to ponder over profound, unanswered questions related to death, what happens in life after death, the power of the creator, among other things.
Though not all the mentioned Haridasas were contemporaries, they followed a very simple and uniform modus operandi to spread their message of love and learning. They composed meaningful lyrics in the common man’s language. They composed these poems in haunting but simple tunes and sang them as they walked the streets to collect their alms for the day. Needless to say that the Devaranama format of singing adopted by most of these dasas had a mighty impact on the masses for it literally encapsulated just about every basic aspect of learning in the aural form.
The lyrics dealt with a number of everyday subjects of interest but one could not simply miss the spirituality that laced these songs. The rhetoric questions in the lyrics awakened the common man to his failings and misconceptions. When they heard the ancient epics and Puranas by way of songs, the stories seemed to have solutions to their questions and problems.
The lyrics were certainly a wonderful blend of literature, music, and devotion. The very fact that they are comprehensible and relevant even today speak volumes about their validity and substance to a large extent.
Scholars of literature, history, sociology and theology cannot afford to overlook the contributions of the Haridasas. The contributions of these great walking encyclopedias on the subject of human life and its nuances have certainly stood the test of time.
The Haridasas, who enumerated the essence of life, shined as living examples of what they taught. They lived altruistic lives ideally tempered with humanitarian and ethical values.
The moot question at the end of this elucidation of the 15th century teachers is, why are school teachers and lecturers today not able to recreate the magic of these great educators anymore? One would think that with the aid of modern science, state-of-the-art infrastructure, qualified teachers and a mission to elevate mankind through education, the situation would be a cake walk. Apparently, that does not seem to be the case!
Teachers have not been able to identify the learning needs of the students and connect with them effectively. The reasons for this abstract gap in a conventional educational system zeroes in on some harsh realities. A random survey points out to a total lack of the
important package of commitment, passion and knowledge amongst the teaching lot.
The parents are worried about the results while the students want to be “done with” studying as soon as possible! Today’s teachers could take a leaf from the lives of the Haridasas who seemed to be a composite whole of the perfect “teacher material.”